When a person starts thinking about publishing a website on the Internet, and spends some time on exploring website hosting companies, he already knows the general meaning of the word “hosting”. But he can hardly understand in short time all the variety of hosting services, decide which one will help him realize his project more effectively: a free hosting, virtual server, virtual dedicated server, a simple dedicated server or maybe even co-location.
This guide, written with the help of the Club of hosting-providers, will help You orient in this diversity and make a thoughtful choice in hosting services.
The English word host, from which the term hosting comes from, has many shades: host (owner, keeper of a hotel). If you adopt this translation with а housing-communal hue, it won’t be much of a problem to explain all the nuances about the kinds of hosting.
The only thing you would have to do is imagine that Your website is a living human, who needs a place to live. So…
Is equivalent to а concept of a “shelter” or “dorm”. The host is offering you a place for living for a time while you perform a specific job or anything else. The decision is up to the owner: he can throw you out anytime. Making You feel comfortable is not in his interests either.
You can place Your website on the provider’s server for free. It is better to say – not for the money. You will have to pay for this service anyway.
Now this would be a room in a communal apartment. No one is going to throw you out as long as you pay for the rent obediently and follow all the rules of your host. You are allowed to arrange your furniture as you wish. The level of comfort depends on the host, the quality of the building, and your neighbors. If the neighbors turn out to be hospitable, it would be quite a problem to get into public rooms because of his guests. There won’t be enough space for you in the kitchen as well, if your neighbor Aunt Rose is a woman of big proportions, and spends all her time there. But you can happily live in this commune if you are lucky with the neighbors and the host, who would always keep an eye on their behavior.
It’s a good alternative for private projects or projects of small and medium business. Your hosting provider offers You a place for rent on one of their servers; other websites, along with Yours, use computer resources, software and the available bandwidth.
Virtual dedicated server
This term would mean “a separate apartment”. You can use the kitchen, bathroom and s.o. You can set up yourself a shower and other additional equipment. This could be a two- (and more) bedroom apartment. You can live with your relatives (which are your other websites) if you’d like. The comfort quality depends only on the building and the host.
The service is for those who don’t want to be depended on possible problems of other services.
You have disk space at your disposal with an autonomous operating system on the server of the hosting provider.
A rented mansion. The mansion itself is on the property of the host. He can offer You his own technical assistance for the service. You are connected with Your neighbors with common infrastructure, that is offered and serviced by the host.
The service includes rental of the server hosting provider, hosted on its own server platform. This machine will be configured and will perform exceptionally your missions.
Your private mansion. It’s different from the previous option only with the fact that the mansion is your own property; the construction was based on your plan, on your money.
The host owns only the land beneath it, and all the communications (water, gas, electricity, etc.). Unlike in real life, this house is still a lot easier to move to another website with another host.
This service, which has not been picked up by a good Russian lexical equivalent, means placing your server on a network of the provider, on his server platform. You will have to take care about data integrity, website availability and traffic; the provider also offers you the needed space, power, the Internet access, security, and possible support.
In addition to all the services for the placement of your website, hosting companies also provide you with additional services that you may also be interested in: domain name registration, domain parking, reselling.
It is not that difficult to draw parallels from the life for these services.
Domain name registration
This is just a “registration”. As a result, you announce your name and address to the whole world so that you could be found, if necessary.
Registration of domain names are produced by specialized organizations – registrars. Providers can only help you register - take this trouble upon themselves.
You would really love to live in a certain place in your future. But you can only be registered there if you have a residence. You don’t have enough money to buy yourself a room or an apartment. But you have enough for the registration. So here’s this kind man who generously offers you his building. But just for the registration, not living. The kindness man could even hang up a mailbox to prove that you actually live there (offer you a couple of kilobytes for the web page). This is how domain parking would look like in real life.
Use this service to reserve your domain name.
You decided to earn money on giving a place for rent, but you still don’t have enough money funds to become a landlord. Rent a part of the house from the landlord at wholesale prices, and offer it for renting at retail. This is how reselling looks like in terms of housing and communal services.
Reselling has become well-known in the hosting market. It helps small business companies and individuals resell hosting without making big capital investments.